It is well known, around the world, that being overweight is dangerous for one’s health. It causes a variety of problems, and hugely increases the risk for many others. However, do you know what problems, exactly, being overweight causes? Here are a few.
- High blood pressure, and related problems
Being overweight increases your chance of having a high blood pressure. This happens because when you have a large body, your heart has to work harder, to supply blood to all parts of your body. A high blood pressure, in turn, is the leading cause of heart strokes, which are often fatal. Excessive body weight also increases your chances of developing other problems related with heart attacks, such as high cholesterol, high blood sugar, and other types of heart disease.
- Increased risk of developing cancer
The Big C. You run a greater risk of developing cancer, one of the most feared diseases today, if you are overweight. Weight gain in general increases the risk of many different types of cancer – even if the person in question isn’t overweight or obese. However, overweight people are at a larger risk of developing cancer of the stomach, breast, colon, uterus, gall bladder, and kidney.
- Type 2 diabetes
Diabetes is a disease in which the body’s blood sugar levels rise to unhealthy amounts. Diabetes causes many other problems, such as CHD, stroke, kidney disease, blindness, and even premature death. It has been found that most people who have diabetes, are overweight.
- Joint pain and osteoarthritis
Large body weight and joint pain are directly related. The greater your weight, the greater is the pressure exerted on your joints. Over time, this leads to joint pain, and other problems such as osteoarthritis. That is a chronic disease, in which the flexible tissue at the ends of bones wears down. This leads to severe pain, stiffness, swelling and tenderness in the joints of the affected.
- Kidney disease
Obesity, in most cases, causes diabetes and high blood pressure, which in turn cause chronic kidney disease. When that happens, your kidneys are damaged and can’t filter blood the way they should. Due to that, toxic waste materials (such as urea) may build up in your body, and cause other problems.
- Metabolic Syndrome
The term Metabolic Syndrome refers to a group of risk factors which increase your risk of developing heart disease, diabetes, etc.
You have Metabolic Syndrome if you have three or more of the following: a large waistline, higher than normal blood pressure, higher than normal blood sugar levels, a higher than normal triglyceride level, and/or a higher than normal cholesterol level.
- Gall bladder stones
Gallbladder stones are hard pieces found in the gallbladder which look like stones, and are made of stone-like material. This material is, in fact, cholesterol – the level of which is higher in overweight or obese persons. Gall bladder stones often cause stomach and back pain, and have to be removed through a surgery. Excessive body weight may also cause your gallbladder to get enlarged, and not work very well.
- Sleep Apnea
If you are overweight or obese, you stand a greater risk of developing sleep apnea, which is a condition affecting your sleep. A patient suffering from sleep apnea may stop breathing during their sleep. This could happen many times, in the course of one night. Side effects of the disease include sleepiness during the day, lack of concentration, and heart failure.
Sleep apnea occurs in obese people as they often have more fat stored around their neck, which makes the airway smaller. When they’re sleeping, their body relaxes, and the airway may be hindered. Snoring may be a sign that you suffer from this problem.
- Fatty liver disease
As with most parts of your digestive system, obesity also affects your liver. Fatty liver disease is caused by a build-up of fat in the liver, and may lead to liver damage, cirrhosis, and in advanced stages, even liver failure. Its symptoms are mild and often not noticeable, and it is not treatable. It usually affects overweight, middle-aged people who also suffer from diabetes.
Apart from these, obesity also causes many other problems, such as problems in pregnancy, respiratory problems (such as obesity hyperventilation syndrome), abnormal blood fats, difficulty in conceiving, and skin conditions such as cellulite.